Crimes Punishable By Death Penalty
The death penalty in the United States is used almost exclusively for the crime of murder. Although state and federal statutes contain various capital crimes other than those involving the death of the victim, only two people were on death row for a non-murder offense (Patrick Kennedy and Richard Davis in Louisiana) when the U.S. Supreme Court addressed this issue in 2008. No one has been executed for such a crime since the death penalty was re-instated in 1976.
In 1977, the U.S. Supreme Court in Coker v. Georgia, 433 U.S. 584, held that the death penalty for the rape of an adult was “grossly disproportionate” and an “excessive punishment,” and hence was unconstitutional under the Eighth Amendment. The Court looked at the relatively few states that allowed the death penalty for rape and the few death sentences that had been handed down.
Florida Capital Crimes – First-degree murder; felony murder; capital drug trafficking; capital sexual battery. Source
Man who killed Ill. woman to be executed in Fla.
Angie Crowley was making her first long trip through Florida on Memorial Day weekend in 1986 and was taking extra care to make sure she’d arrive OK.
This was in the time before cellphones and GPS, and she was prone to getting lost, so she spent three hours on the phone with her brother Chris before making the 300-mile drive from Fort Lauderdale to Yankeetown. Chris was 1,300 miles away in Oregon, Ill., and both laid maps out on the floor to plan a route.
“We just sort of mapped it out together. It was 1986 — the old school way,” he said.
Crowley, 21, never arrived at her destination. She prearranged with her friend to meet at a convenience store in Crystal River so she could be guided the last few miles of the trip. Crowley found the store, but before she could get to the pay phone, William Happ smashed her car window, kidnapped her. He beat her, raped her and strangled her with her pants before throwing her body into a canal.
Now, more than 27 years later, Happ is scheduled to be executed on Tuesday, Oct 15 at Florida State Prison in Starke. It’s a day Chris Crowley has pushed for through an online petition and an email campaign to Gov. Rick Scott’s office.
“He killed my sister, he took her life. But when he took that life, he created so many other victims,” Crowley said. “What he did affected everybody. It ate my mother up. I changed jobs and moved all within three months.”
US Executions Since 1976
Since the death penalty was reinstated in 1976, 1,342 convicted murderers have been executed in the United States. (As of August 1, 2013)
Of those executed, 13 were female. (The last was Kimberly Lagayle McCarthy in Texas on June 26, 2013).
Of those executed, 749 (55.8%) were white and 451 (33.6%) were black.
Executions were held in 34 different states: 503 (37.5) were in Texas and 20 (1.5%) were in Indiana.
Of those executed:
1,165 (86.8%) were executed by lethal injection, including 701 of the last 711 executions.
158 (11.8%) were executed by electric chair. (The last was Robert Charles Gleason Jr. in Virginia on January 16, 2013).
Florida 44, Virginia 31, Alabama 24, Georgia 23, Louisiana 20, South Carolina 7, Indiana 3, Nebraska 3, Kentucky 1, Arkansas 1, Tennessee 1.
11 (0.8%) were executed by gas chamber. (The last was Walter LaGrand in Arizona on March 3, 1999).
Mississippi 4, California 2, North Carolina 2, Arizona 2, Nevada 1.
3 (0.2%) were executed by hanging. (The last was Billy Bailey in Delaware on January 25, 1996).
Washington 2, Delaware 1.
3 (0.2%) were executed by firing squad. (The last was Ronnie Lee Gardner in Utah on June 18, 2010).
Currently 32 states, the Federal Government and U.S. Military have active Death Penalty statutes: (Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, Wyoming)
Currently, 18 states and the District of Columbia have no death penalty: (Alaska, Connecticut, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
Andrew D. Stine Knows Florida Criminal Process
Being arrested for a crime is an event that starts a process that can sometimes be long and emotionally devastating. When an individual is arrested, he or she will usually have to appear before a judge, attend a preliminary hearing and arraignment, and have it all culminate into a trial where the defendant will fight for his or her freedom. If you have been arrested for a crime, it would be beneficial for you to hire a criminal defense attorney who is familiar with the criminal process and can help you navigate through it successfully.
Assisting You through a Difficult Process
If you have been arrested for a crime in Boca Raton, Delray Beach, Greenacres, Boynton Beach, Jupiter, Palm Beach Gardens, Lake Worth, or the surrounding areas contact Andrew D. Stine, P.A..
Attorney Stine is a qualified defense attorney who has a deep understanding of how thecriminal process works, and he can use his knowledge to help you maneuver through the process in a way that can give you the best chance of avoiding the most serious penalties associated with your crime. Andrew D. Stine passionately serves clients who have been charged with a criminal offense in Palm Beach County, including the areas in and around West Palm Beach, Rivera Beach, Lantana, Wellington, Boca Raton, and Lake Worth. Attorney Stine has the knowledge necessary to present evidence in favorable way that could possibly lead to the dismissal of your case.
Contact Andrew D. Stine, P.A. at 561-832-1170 and set up a free consultation to discuss the particulars of your case, and let Stine assistant you through such a difficult process.