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Drunk Driving Cases and Consequences

1It is a common belief that a drunk driving arrest is not much different than a traffic citation. A case in point:

Most traffic offenses are civil infractions which carry no significant penalty other than a fine and a possible driver’s license suspension. A conviction for a drunk driving offense will result in a criminal record, and can potentially result in significant fines and a jail sentence or term of probation.

Driving Under the Influence (DUI)

There are many types of driving offenses with varying penalties and consequences, but one of the most serious offenses is that of impaired driving. This criminal offense is known by various labels such as Driving Under the Influence (“DUI”), Driving While Intoxicated (“DWI”), and Operating Under the Influence (“OUI”), among others. The labels and acronyms are equivalent to the charge of drunk driving. Various substances, not just alcohol, can cause impairment, including illegal drugs, over-the-counter medications, and prescription medication.

Determining Impairment

A police officer may administer a field sobriety test to determine whether someone is driving while impaired. This test determines the ability of the person to perform basic functions, such as counting backwards or walking a straight line. The officer’s determination may also be based on an observance of the person’s demeanor, speech, alcohol odor emanating from the person, and eye movement.

A person’s blood-alcohol concentration can be determined at the scene of a vehicle stop through the use of breath analyzing equipment. Some drivers may also be subjected to hospital blood and urine tests to determine the level of alcohol and drugs in their system.

Most states consider persons having blood-alcohol concentration levels of .08% or higher to be impaired. All states have “implied consent” laws that require suspected impaired drivers to submit to testing. Failure to submit to testing can result in the suspension or revocation of driving privileges. If a person is convicted of impaired driving, a refusal to submit to testing may result in a greater fine or punishment.

The Impaired Driving Case

A person who is accused of driving while impaired may be charged with a felony or a misdemeanor. Examples of issues that may arise in an impaired driving case are:

  • whether the officer had probable cause (a legally sufficient reason) to stop the vehicle;
  • whether the person charged was actually driving the vehicle;
  • whether the blood alcohol level was above the legal limit at the time the person was driving;
  • whether the arresting officer followed the correct procedures for administering blood and urine tests;
  • whether the equipment measuring the blood and urine levels was properly maintained and calibrated;
  • whether blood and urine samples were properly preserved;
  • whether the officer read the driver his rights; and
  • whether any of the driver’s Constitutional rights were violated.

In determining punishment, some of the things a jury may consider is whether the defendant has been convicted of a similar crime before, whether defendant was driving recklessly, whether anyone was injured or killed, whether property was damaged, and whether the defendant was of legal drinking age.

Generally, an impaired driver may be convicted for the offense of driving impaired itself and for having blood alcohol concentration levels exceeding state limits. Many states have “zero-tolerance” laws that forbid people under the age of 21 from consuming any amount of alcohol and driving.


If convicted of driving while impaired, the consequences can include:

  • loss of driving privileges
  • fines
  • alcohol or substance abuse treatment
  • increased insurance premiums
  • community service requirements
  • installation of ignition interlock on impaired driver’s vehicle
  • imprisonment

The best way to know your rights, and to make sure they are protected, is to consult with a lawyer who practices drunk driving defense law. While many lawyers will claim to offer broader criminal defense services, including drunk driving defense, those attorneys who choose to specialize in drunk driving will best know how to defend you against the charges, how to challenge any breath, blood, or chemical tests, how to dispute the validity of the original traffic stop, and how to best protect your license. They are also likely to know what the judge who is handling your case is likely to do if you plead guilty, or if you are convicted after a trial.

West Palm Beach DUI/DWI Attorney

The most important thing in DUI/DWI cases is early intervention by your attorney. This preliminary involvement will help you avoid the consequences of a conviction, which are very serious in Florida. We will also represent you at your hearing before the Florida Department of Motor Vehicles in order to protect your right to drive.

In addition to DUI/DWI charges, we represent clients in DUI accident cases, including

  • Leaving the scene of accident with severe bodily injury
  • DUI/DWI severe bodily injury
  • DUI/DWI homicide
  • DUI/DWI manslaughter

There are defenses in DUI accident cases, which an experienced and capable lawyer can use. Even if you made a statement to police during your arrest, our lawyers can usually get that evidence thrown out of court. Any statement you give officers cannot be used against you due to the Florida accident report privilege.

Free consultation 24/7: Call West Palm Beach criminal defense lawyer Andrew D. Stine, P.A. at (561) 832-1170. Se habla español.

Protecting your right to drive

Unless your request a DMV hearing within 10 days of arrest, you will lose your driver’s license. Even if your license is revoked, we can apply for a hardship license, which is usually immediately granted to you. We have never had a hardship license denied to one of our clients.

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