Violent Crimes 2 Year Decline In America Has Ended
WASHINGTON Oct 24, 2013— Violent crime in the United States rose for the second year in a row, a government report said Thursday, indicating that the nation’s two-decade decline in crime has ended.
The 2012 National Crime Victimization Survey by the Bureau of Justice Statistics found that 26 of every 1,000 people experienced violent crime, a 15% increase in how many people reported being victims of rape, robbery or assault. Property crime — burglary, theft and car theft — rose 12%.
The report follows the FBI’s 2012 Uniform Crime Report, released in September, which documented more than 1.2 million violent crimes nationwide — about 1% more than in 2011. For 2011, data from the victims survey also showed an increase in violent crime: up 17% from 2010, the sharpest rise in two decades.
The victimization survey, which collects data from 162,940 people over age 12, found that 26 of every 1,000 people were victims of crime in 2012, up from 23 in 2011. Most of the increase is made up of simple assaults and crimes that were not reported to police. That information is not included in the Uniform Crime Report, which is considered the definitive measure of crime in the United States.
In a violent crime, a victim is harmed by or threatened with violence. Violent crimes include rape and sexual assault, robbery, assault and murder.
The term “sexual violence” refers to a specific constellation of crimes including sexual harassment, sexual assault, and rape. The perpetrator may be a stranger, acquaintance, friend, family member, or intimate partner. Researchers, practitioners, and policymakers agree that all forms of sexual violence harm the individual, the family unit, and society and that much work remains to be done to enhance the criminal justice response to these crimes.
Sexual assault covers a wide range of unwanted behaviors—up to but not including penetration—that are attempted or completed against a victim’s will or when a victim cannot consent because of age, disability, or the influence of alcohol or drugs. Sexual assault may involve actual or threatened physical force, use of weapons, coercion, intimidation, or pressure and may include:
- Intentional touching of the victim’s genitals, anus, groin, or breasts.
- Exposure to exhibitionism.
- Undesired exposure to pornography.
- Public display of images that were taken in a private context or when the victim was unaware.
Rape definitions vary by state and in response to legislative advocacy. Most statutes currently define rape as nonconsensual oral, anal, or vaginal penetration of the victim by body parts or objects using force, threats of bodily harm, or by taking advantage of a victim who is incapacitated or otherwise incapable of giving consent. Incapacitation may include mental or cognitive disability, self-induced or forced intoxication, status as minor, or any other condition defined by law that voids an individual’s ability to give consent.
When a person is charged with robbery, he/she is accused of taking something from another party in a violent manner. For example, he may use violence to steal from another person, or he may threaten another person with violence in order to take something valuable from him. In some places, a person may face such charges even if he failed to take something of value, and attempting to steal in this manner may be enough in many jurisdictions. For robbery to occur, as opposed to other theft or larceny offenses, the money or other property must be taken directly from the victim’s custody.
An assault is carried out by a threat of bodily harm coupled with an apparent, present ability to cause the harm. From a legal standpoint, assault and battery often form one charge against a suspect. However, some suspects may merely be charged with assault. Anyone who is charged with battery, however, is essentially also guilty of assault.
The difference between assault and battery lies in the definition of the terms. In legal terms, assault is any reasonable threat to a person. The person who is committing the assault does not have to actually touch a person. But a reasonable and immediate threat to the person being assaulted must exist for a claim of assault. Battery, on the other hand, requires contact.
Homicide is a legal term for any killing of a human being by another human being. Homicide itself is not necessarily a crime –some homicides are legal, such as a justifiable killing of a suspect by the police or a killing done in self-defense — but unlawful homicides are classified as crimes like murder and manslaughter.
Murder is an intentional killing that is:
- unlawful (in other words, the killing isn’t legally justified), and
- committed with “malice aforethought” (intent to harm or kill or reckless disregard for life).
West Palm Beach Violent Crime Defense Attorney
Violent crimes in Florida are serious offenses that come not only with serious penalties, but also with parallel social and professional consequences as well. If you have been arrested for a violent crime in West Palm Beach, Boca Raton, Boynton Beach, Delray Beach, Greenacres, Jupiter, Lake Worth, Palm Beach Gardens, Riviera Beach, Royal Palm Beach, Wellington, or anywhere else in Palm Beach County, take the important first step in your defense and contact Andrew D. Stine, P.A.. When choosing to work with an experienced defense lawyer, it is best to contact him as soon as possible after your arrest.
Skilled and knowledgeable criminal defense lawyer Andrew Stine has over a decade of experience serving clients like you. As a former army medic and having spent time as a public defender, Andrew Stine has a militant attention to detail and a passion for criminal defense that can benefit your violent crime case in the West Palm Beach Area.
To find out more about what Andrew D. Stine, P.A. can do for your case involving violent crime in Palm Beach County, call 561.880.4300 today and schedule your free initial case consultation.